28 June 1914. The Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife are assassinated by Gavrilo Princip, a Bosnian Serb Yugoslav Nationalist and member of the Serbian-sponsored organization Young Bosnia. Serbia sought to unify a South Slav (Yugoslav) state under the personal leadership of the Serbian monarchy. To that end, they organized underground terrorist organizations, such as Black Hand, to sew terror and violence in non-Serb controlled areas populated by South Slavs. Black Hand, in turn, sponsored terrorist cells, one of which, Young Bosnia, carried out the assassination. There is a certain irony to this, in that the Archduke was a supporters of greater autonomy within Austria-Hungary, which would give the same federal independence to other minorities as had been granted the Hungarians after 1867. The state of Austria-Hungary was actually two states in a federal empire, a Dual-Monarchy. Austria was one crown, and ruled the German-speaking lands, and also Czech and Slovak and Balkan lands. Hungary was another crown. The crowns were both worn by the same monarch, but they had separate legislatures, tax systems, customs, and armies. Franz-Ferdinand, a German, was married to Czech woman, and supported a Triple-Monarchy. And is reported as considering a Quad-Monarchy: giving the South Slavs a kingdom of their own within the empire, granting them defacto independence under a Habsburg crown. This would have granted the Serbs all of their goals except one: they wanted to run the South Slav state. As we found in the 1980s after the death of Tito: Serbian visions of a Serbian ruled state meant that all other Yugoslavs would be subjects and not partners. In effect, no different for the people than under a Habsburg crown. Except that 1.1 million Serbs and hundreds of thousands of other South Slavs would not have had to die.